How to choose a flashlight

There are some essential criteria are to consider when choosing a flashlight. Like any other consumer product, there are different torches of power. A lamp is evaluated according to many criteria, and each of these criteria has a variable importance. Moreover, the power is a criterion to relativize according to the needs of each one.


Overall power

The flashlight emits a luminous flux evaluated in lumens. This flow indicates the power of the device. Unfortunately for the consumer, this meter provides estimates that go beyond reality.

Lumen data must be taken into account. To know the true overall power of a lamp, it is necessary to compare the beams emitted from two lamps. Observe the differences, then the references to the two devices to find which one is the best in terms of power. If you need something really bright then look for the best tactical flashlight and see some options.

The dimmer

When choosing a flashlight, the best way is to find one with a regulator or a dimmer. Indeed, a flashlight is used in many circumstances and in ever-changing atmospheres.

Several power levels, a flashing modes button are part of the regulating elements on a flashlight. However, if your device has a controller, make sure it has a battery.

Indeed, if a torch lamp regulator is too frequently solicited, this lamp can go out under sometimes surprising circumstances. The ideal is a regulation that maintains a constant power but warns in one way or another that the batteries are almost empty. This warning can be a blink, the automatic switch to a lower power level, or the gradual drop in power, the goal is not to surprise by a sudden loss of power.

The range

The range of the beam and the power of a lamp are two different things. The range depends on the brightness at the center of the beam. The latter is influenced by atmospheric conditions. In particular the humidity, the mist. The range of the beam is measured in lux. Several sites specialized in flashlights give a value of the range in meters.

This value can be exact when trying the lamp in ideal conditions. The measured range in meters does not take into account the reflective objects, the dark forest, the road sign. In terms of the range of a flashlight, the only reliable data is that given in lux.

Width of the beam

The width of the beam is also an excellent way to evaluate the performance of the torch. During the checks, the central part will offer an intense brightness, while the peripheral part of the beam is much less. If your flashlight provides concentrated brightness in the center, its range will be excellent. There is no strict rule in terms of beam width.

In terms of hue, the incandescent flashlight emits a light tending towards the orange, the led lamps provide a light of intense color. This intense color tends to a cold light. The hue of the beam is evaluated according to the IRC, or color rendering index.



Aesthetics and ergonomics

The aesthetics of the lamp allows getting a more precise idea on its maneuverability. Dimensions and weight are some of the essential criteria to consider in an ideal torch search. Experience has shown that there is an obvious correlation between the power of the flashlight and its tendency to overheat.

In order to avoid these overheating, it will be necessary, whatever the cost, to respect the instructions given previously. Thus, if the flashlight has difficulty holding in the hand, it will tend to overheat during moments of intense use.

This type of lamp will be less effective in confined spaces. Indeed, the absence of air will accelerate the mechanisms of the lamp that will overheat even faster. Nevertheless, torches of higher powers are not to neglect, far from it.

Do not use the potential of the powerful lamp. It will be necessary to think to find a lamp equipped with a control interface of the light beam.

Always in terms of ergonomics, prefer lamps with daring designs towards the aggressive. Some models are slim, others equipped with prominences added for the torch fits better in the hand.

Even without a cover, the long lamp will easily fit in your pocket. Which will not be the case with the powerful and aggressive lamp. Once again, you will consolidate your choice according to your habits.

How to cut wood with a table saw

Cutting wood is one of the primary tasks in DIY handyman work. Far from being monotonous and tiring, sawing by hand is a relaxing activity, Very satisfactory, and also allows us to probe the mechanical qualities of the wood that we have chosen. Every amateur in the carpentry industry must have perseverance to learn to handle the saw.

Although it seems contradictory, the hand-cutting saves us time, since electric saws require some preparations that are unnecessary with the saw. And in addition, by hand we will in many cases obtain a more precise cut, and also easier, since we will adjust the passage of the leaf to the variations of a living matter as is the wood.

The two-sided marking with the square allows us to verify that the leaf, besides following the line on the surface, advances completely vertical. It is normal for beginners to make deviations from the perpendicular, and, although the error is minimal, is usually enough to break the joint at an angle. It is preferable to mark and cut again to try to correct a roof profile with the brush or file.

The beginning

To start cutting, we will put the thumb in the end of the line, we will support it in the leaf, and we will move the saw pulling toward us. In that way we open a groove so that the blade penetrates without chaotic sweeps. We will hold the tool firmly but gently, so that the work will do the saw, as the good carpenters say. They also say that there are no tricks to get it right from the beginning: cutting wood is learned by cutting wood.

The saw will work more smoothly and swiftly if the cut is transverse to the grain, although in that way it will cut better. Especially when starting the cut, the blade should have little inclination.

The different types of saws

There are many types of saw, and the basic difference is the number of teeth per inch that has the blade. This will depend on the speed of the cut and the fineness of the finish. A blade with few teeth will cut quickly, in less passes, but both sections will be rough and chipped. A leaf with many teeth will take longer to cut the same wood, but the edges will be smooth and, in some cases, as if they had been sanded.

If you are lazy and just want a table saw that will do all the work for you then read some reviews of the best table saws. Although this article is about using hand saws there are times when it just wont work so it pays to read up on the other types so that you have all the bases covered.

Installing a Countertop, Sink and Kitchen Faucet


The granite counter top gives consumers an elegant and durable work surface for their kitchens that will give them years of service. Traditionally, installing a granite counter top was a job that was left to the pros. Due to the nature of the material, previously highly specialized tools were required to achieve a quality installation .

However, with the increasing popularity of these, they are now available in standard shapes and sizes with preformed edges at a reasonable price, and the kitchen installation techniques have evolved so that any quality contractor can offer this service.

Before you begin installing a granite counter top. Carefully remove material from the existing hob, disconnect all gas lines and remove appliances.

Always have at least one helper when placing heavy boards. Granite can crack or break under its own weight, especially in weak spots like around the sink cutouts.
Make sure all cabinets are level and securely attached to the floor and wall. The top surfaces of the cabinets should be level with a variation of less than ⅛ inch in a 10-foot span. Wall surfaces should be plumb with a variation of less than ⅛ of a straight plane in a 10-foot span. Exceeding these tolerances will result in excessive wedging and wide spaces with filler material.

Although some granite slabs over 20 millimeters thick can be used without the need for a complete substrate that supports the stone, typically at least ¾ inch plywood should be placed at sea or outdoors above Cabinets to support granite.

Drill pilot holes to prevent chipboard material from fraying and secure the plywood with screws. Sinks may require additional framing or supports to support the weight of the sink and its components.

When the granite counter top arrives you will need help putting it in place. Be very careful, as the granite slabs easily break, especially along the natural veins of the material.

Make sure that the plate is level from side to side, and from front to back. Make recess cuts if necessary.

Put in the sink

After the counter is on it’s time to install the sink. This is pretty straight forward so we wont go into it in too much detail.

Put in the kitchen faucet

After you have installed the sink it’s now time to install the kitchen faucet. Assuming you did your research and read top faucet reviews before buying, you should have a product that will fit nicely in your sink. All you should have to do is pop it in and tighten the fasteners so that it doesn’t go anywhere.

Troubleshooting a Garbage Disposal

Well, before you start solving any problem, I want you to promise me that you will obey the cardinal rules of “Repairing a Garbage Disposal”. That is, you will never
put your hand in the hole (down the drain in the disposal)
That said, let’s take a look at repairing this vital piece of kitchen equipment so that it can become one of the best garbage disposals you’ve ever had.

garbage disposalThe disposal does not turn on (no noise)
If the crusher does not turn on and is not humming, then there is an electrical problem.

This may seem obvious, but make sure the crusher is plugged in.
If connected, press the Reset button on the bottom of the unit. If it has been reset, the button will skip.
If that does not work, check if the circuit breaker has tripped and turned off at the electrical service panel.
If the switch has not tripped and the reset button is not popped out, then it is a faulty switch or a defective trash crusher. First locate the switch that powers the disposal unit. It should be located on the wall, but may be under the sink.
Turn off the switch on the service panel that feeds the shredder.
Replace switch.
Turn it back on at the service panel and check if the crusher is working.
If the crusher does not work and does not make noise, the trash crusher is beyond repair and needs to be replaced.

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